What is a prompt?
Before moving to Prompt Engineering, let us first understand – what is a prompt?
In simple words, a prompt is nothing but a query or question, or instruction that you give to a computer to ask for information or help on a particular topic. To understand better, consider the below example.
Let’s say you want to know the weather, so you will ask the computer something like “Hey, how’s the weather today?” to which you will get the weather details. So here, “How’s the weather today?” is a prompt that is fed to the computer, which gives you the right answer to your question.
What is Prompt Engineering?
Now, that we know the meaning of prompt let us move towards what Prompt Engineering is. In simple words, Prompt Engineering is a process of designing the input text, meaning a prompt that you give to the computer, which is then passed to the Large Language Model (LLM) to get the desired output. LLM, an AI algorithm, uses large datasets to understand, summarize and predict new content. Some examples of LLMs include GPT-3, LaMDA, and Jurassic-1 Jumbo.
The prompt can be a simple request, question, or query that you need help with or it also can be complex instruction or constraints varying from use case to use case. The main goal of prompt engineering is to help the LLM to understand the user input, and user intent to generate the most relevant and desired output.
Sounds easy, right? But actually, it isn’t, as it becomes very challenging because LLMs are trained on very large datasets which consist of both text and code. So sometimes you may get irrelevant answers and here’s where prompt engineering plays a vital role and help the LLM to understand the user input (prompt) and provide the user with the desired output.
Below given are some strategies that can help in producing desired answer or output through effective prompt engineering.
Strategies for effective prompt engineering :
- “Write a poem about rain.”
- “Write a summary of the news article about the recent floods.”
- “Translate this sentence from English to Hindi.”
- “Answer the question: What is the meaning of life?”
Prompt Engineering is an emerging field that focuses on improving the performance of the LLMs. By proper crafting of prompts, one can improve the output and achieve more precise and reliable results also by mastering the above-mentioned strategies one can unlock new possibilities and utilize the true potential of the language models.